The National Foster Care Coalition (NFCC) spent most of its recent quarterly meeting on health care for children and youth in foster care, an important focus of CWLA’s upcoming Advocacy Summit. The discussion follows the President’s budget proposal to bring the state child welfare and Medicaid agencies together with Administration for Children and Families (ACF) competitive funding and incentive funds under Medicaid to better address the needs of children in child welfare. The proposal has the potential to address such challenges as the over use of some prescription medications as well as providing better services to children overall. Joo Yeung Chang, Associate Commissioner for the Children’s Bureau (CB), discussed the Administration proposal following two related issues.
Robert Hall of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) shared his organization’s on-going effort to promote the use of medical homes. The medical home concept is to make sure that populations, such as children in foster care, have one central coordinated health care provider instead of moving from provider to provider over time. Inconsistent providers can result in uncoordinated and conflicting therapies, treatments and services. The medical home is described by the AAP as “an approach to providing primary care services …[and] team-based whole person, comprehensive, ongoing, and coordinated patient-centered care.”
A second part of the agenda was on the new state requirements under the Affordable Care Act (ACA, P.L. 111-148) to provide Medicaid coverage to young people up to age 26 if they exited foster care at age 18 (or later). Timothy Bell of FosterClub discussed the challenge they are having in their efforts to help these youth formerly in foster care to obtain this health coverage. States are supposed to provide Medicaid coverage to all young people to age 26 if they were in foster care, regardless of whether the state has taken up or rejected the expansion of Medicaid under the ACA. However, states can deny coverage to youth if they were in foster care in another state. States are a mixed bag in terms of implementing the coverage and seeking out these young people. Some states may have more barriers to qualifying, including requirements for eligibility determination, acknowledgement of providing coverage, and existing data and information on past cases of placement in foster care. First Focus has provided a brief on the topic of Medicaid to 26 for youth in Foster Care.
Commissioner Chang discussed the Administration’s proposal and the CB’s openness to greater feedback and input on the structure of the incentive fund under ACF. Fifty million dollars a year would flow from ACF in competitive grants while the matching Medicaid funding of $100 million would provide states incentives to hit certain targets or goals. The capacity building through ACF would include:
- Enhancing the child welfare workforce;
- Providing reliable screening and assessment tools;
- Coordination between child welfare and Medicaid, especially Early and Periodic, Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment (EPSDT);
- Training for foster parents, adoptive parents, guardians, and judges;
- Implementing an evaluation and
- Providing data.